7 Easy Steps To Start A Hydroponics System

Milosh Potikj | 03 avril 2023 | 7 MIN READ

Embarking on a hydroponics journey can be an exciting and rewarding experience. Whether you're a beginner or an experienced gardener, setting up a hydroponics system allows you to grow plants efficiently and sustainably, without the need for soil. 

From choosing the right system and selecting the appropriate plants to maintaining optimal nutrient levels and managing lighting and water, each step is designed to provide a clear and concise roadmap. By following these simple yet essential steps, you'll be well on your way to establishing your very own thriving hydroponics system and enjoying the benefits of soil-less gardening.

1. Choosing Plants And Starting Your Seeds

Starting a hydroponic garden is an exciting way to grow your own plants indoors. With the right setup and equipment, you can create a perfect environment for many types of plants. The first step in growing a successful hydroponic garden is to select what type of plants you want to grow.

Different plants require different hydroponic systems and equipment, as well as different levels of light and available space. If this is your first time trying out hydroponics, leafy greens such as lettuce are best to start with since they are relatively easy to grow.

To ensure a good germination rate, I recommend using rapid rooter cubes when planting seeds in a hydroponic system. Such rooter cubes contain peat moss or organic materials that provide both nutrients and solution of water which helps the growing process once the seed has embedded into a cube's small pores.

To learn more about how to get started building your own hydroponic miniature garden from scratch you can read my article on growing lettuce in hydroponics. With the right steps followed in order, beginning with selecting the proper type of plant, you’ll soon be grateful for finding yourself with a beautifully thriving little indoor garden!

2. Decide On Your Hydroponic System

Starting a hydroponic garden is an exciting and rewarding experience, but deciding on your system may seem overwhelming at first. When it comes to hydroponics methods, the type of grow you want will determine which system is right for you.

You'll need to consider the size of your space, the type of healthy plants you're growing, your budget (looking at total cost of materials and set up), and how much you plan to produce in order to make sure you have the right system for your needs.

I recommend that beginners start small, this lowers the costs associated with setting up a hydroponic garden and allows for easy adjustments just in case things don't go as planned. Furthermore, too many plants can be overwhelming when troubleshooting or making changes down the line - so understanding each part of your system is important from the get-go.

3. Choose A Light Source

When it comes to hydroponics, choosing the right light source is an important part of a successful system. Choosing a quality grow light can be just as crucial as choosing the right nutrient requirement or irrigation setup.

If you’re not relying on natural sunlight, then the grow light will be your main source of energy for plant growth and development.

Determining which type of light to use depends on several factors like cost, coverage area, intensity, spectrum range and much more. Although LED lights are very efficient in terms of energy consumption and long lasting durability there’s still debate on what kind of spectrum is most effective for plant growth.

Additionally, certain fluorescent lights have higher intensity than others depending on the wattage and if you need a broader coverage area then you will also have to factor that into cost considerations.

Most importantly ensure your chosen grow light has been designed specifically for use with hydroponic systems and can provide the necessary amount of PAR (photosynthetically active radiation) required for optimal plant growth.

Researching each potential option thoroughly is key to finding the best possible solution for your hydroponic garden.

4. Choose A Hydroponic Grow Medium

When it comes to hydroponics, selecting the proper grow medium is one of the most important decisions you can make. The type of medium you will choose will vary based on the specific hydroponic system, as well as the type of plants being grown.

There are a number of potential options for growing media ranging from traditional soil to coconut coir to expanded clay pebbles and more.

When choosing which grow medium is best for your particular setup, some things to consider include cost, water reservoir capacity, aeration levels, pH balance and general suitability for the types of plants you are cultivating.

Of all the available media, I highly recommend hydroton expanded clay pebbles. This is an extremely versatile growing medium that works well with a variety of different plants and systems.

Hydroton expanded clay pebbles are lightweight and boast excellent drainage and air-flow capabilities making it great for both shallow or deep-rooted plants without risking root rot. It also holds enough flow of water between watering intervals to keep plant roots moist without allowing them to become oversoaked.

5. Purchase Hydroponic Nutrients & Supplements

Hydroponic gardening requires the use of nutrients and supplements that are specially formulated for this type of garden. Nutrients come in 1, 2, and 3-part systems and each has its own benefits. For beginners, Dyna–Gro makes a 1 part nutrient solution which is ideal for vegetative growth of plants.

They also make a nutrient solution specifically catered to flowering and blooming called Dyna–Gro flowering & blooming. Canada Grow Supplies offers a complete 3 part nutrient pack called Flora Series, which allows you to monitor levels and adjust concentrations as needed.

As you become more experienced with hydroponic gardening and understanding your plants' needs, it is beneficial to utilize additional supplements such as hormones or minerals which can help boost growth rates, increase size and improve flavor profiles.

Before buying any additional supplements or fertilizers for your hydroponic garden, it’s important to ensure that the product does not contain trace amounts of unwanted elements or additives that would damage the health of your hydroponic plants.

Reading reviews from fellow gardeners is a great way to get an honest opinion on how well these supplements work in real life scenarios.

6. Purchase A pH Meter & pH Up/Down

Having the right pH level for your nutrient solutions is essential for a successful grow. To ensure that your plants are receiving the right amount of nutrients, you need to purchase a pH meter. The market offers several options such as liquid kits, test strips, or electronic meters.

I recommend using an electronic meter since they tend to be the most accurate readings and are easy to use. Additionally, these basic types of meters are pretty inexpensive if you purchase them from Canada Grow Supplies.

To keep track of your nutrient solution’s pH level, you will also need to get pH up or down products. These are used in order to raise or lower the pH level if results come out too high or low respectively. Be sure to follow all safety precautions on plastic containers when handling any products containing chemicals, and always carefully read the label prior to usage.

Keeping these items around can help save a lot of headache down the road if unexpected changes in pH occur between tests.

7. Mix & Add Nutrients, Start your system

Mixing and adding nutrients to your hydroponic garden will help you achieve the best possible results for your plants. By ensuring that you have a good nutrient mixes available for your plants, you can ensure that they have all of the essential elements necessary to thrive.

The first step is to get your nutrient solution ready by mixing together the correct proportion of nutrients according to instructions on the label. Once everything is correctly mixed, wait 15 minutes and then test the pH of the solution with a pH meter or strips. If it’s within range, adjust the pH accordingly using either an acid or base until it reaches the desired levels.

After adjusting the pH levels, add your plants and place them in their respective locations before setting up your lights system and timer. By having an appropriate lights system and schedule, you can ensure that your plants receive adequate light so they can grow properly through their vegetative and flowering stages.

Make sure that temperatures are ideal for each plant as well; for most hydroponic gardens, temperatures should remain between 65-75 °F during both day and night periods. Finally, keep a close eye on all aspects of your garden and inspect regularly to make sure everything is running smoothly before harvesting!


In conclusion, starting your own hydroponic garden is a rewarding but challenging task. It requires some initial planning in order to maximize success. Investing some time up front into researching and planning out a hydroponic garden helps you make sure that you have the right resources and materials available to get growing quickly. Having a detailed plan can help ensure that you are on track to create a lush and vibrant garden in no time.

Overall, creating a hydroponic garden provides many benefits such as clean, efficient growing with minimal maintenance and harvest times four times faster than traditional soil-based gardening. With some well thought out planning, anyone can start their own hydroponic garden and enjoy the incredible success they will no doubt have.


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